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Technical Glossaries




Guns and Ammo


Optical Microscopy


Glossary of Abbreviations    (last updated January 13, 2007)

Select a letter below.
(# shows words starting with a digit or symbol.)

This listing is provided without the slightest claim, warranty, guarantee of accuracy or completeness. It is certainly incomplete, and users are warned that although anabbreviation is expanded here, their particular abbreviation may have a different meaning.

#  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

a-MT Alpha-methyltyrosine
2,4-DP 2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)propionic acid
201Designation of file for military personnel record
483FDA form used as a written notice of deficiencies found
3MMinnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company
4-POBNa-(4-pyridyl 1-oxide-N-tert.-butylnitrone
5-HIAA5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid
7-ACA7-aminocephalosporanic acid
A Absorbance (especially with subscripted wavelength)
A Adenine
AAlanine (amino acid)
A/UXVersion of Unix for Apple Macintosh computer
A/DAnalog to Digital
a. a. O. am angegebenen Ort
a. F. alter Fassung
a.A.anderer Ansicht
AAThe Aluminum Association
AAAtomic Absorption (spectrometry)
AAAAgricultural Adjustment Act (USA, 1930s)
AAAAntiAircraft Artillery
AAASAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
AAAVAdvanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle
AABAmerican Association of Bioanalysts
AABBAmerican Association of Blood Banks
AACCalso A2C2:originally American Ass'n. for Cntamination Control
AACCAmerican Association of Cereal Chemists
AACCAmerican Association of Clinical Chemistry
AACCnow a magazine about contamination control
AACPAmerican Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
AAGAntiaircraft gun
AAGRAverage Annual Growth Rate
AAKApplique Armor Kit(US)
AALAAmerican Association for Laboratory Accreditation
AALCAmerican Association for Laboratory Laboratory Animal Care
AAMAmerican Academy of Microbiology
AAMAAmerican Automobile Manufacturers Association
AAMIAss'n. for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
AAPSAmerican Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
AASHTOAm. Ass'n. of State Hwy. and Transportation Officials
AATUAutomatic Antenna Tuning Unit
AAUPAmerican Association of University Professors
AAUWAmerican Association of University Women
AAVAssault Amphibian Vehicle
AAVPT American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology (+?)
ABA2-cis-4-trans-abscisic acid
ABAAmerican Bar Association
ABCAmerican Broadcasting Company (network) (usually ABC)
ABCAtomic, Biological, Chemical (warfare)
ABCAssociation of Biotechnology Companies
ABEPAuditory Brain stem Evoked Potentials
ABFOAmerican Board of Forensic Odontology
ABGArterial blood gas(es)
ABO(indicates blood groups A, B, O)
ABPI Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry
ABSAmerican Bureau of Shipping
ABSAmerican Biological Safety Association
ABSAAcrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (polymer)
ABTS2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), diammonium salt
Abu2-aminobutyric acid
ACUS military symbol for Hydrogen cyanide (chemical warfare agent)
AC/DC Indicates appliance operating on either AC or DC
ACAlternating Current
AC/DC (obsolete slang)Bisexual
AcAcetyl- group in organic chemistry; possibly acetate
ACCAmerican Chemistry Council
ACCAAir Conditioning Contractors of America
ACCSAdvanced communications control system (US)
ACCSAirborne command and control system (US)
ACCVArmored Cavalry Cannon Vehicle
ACDAutomatic call distribution
ACEArmored Combat Earthmover
ACEAngiotensin Converting Enzyme
ACECAteliers de Constructions Electriques de Charleroi
ACES2-[(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)amino]ethanesufonic acid(buffer)
ACGAAmerican Corn Growers Association
ACGIH American Council of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists
AChEAcetylCholine Esterase
ACIAmerican Concrete Institute
ACIAlloy Casting Institute
ACILAmerican Council of Independent Laboratories
ACLOS Automatic-to-command line of light
AcMNPVAutographica californica multiply enveloped nuclear polyhedrosis virus
ACPAutomatic Colt Pistol (actually semi-automatic)
ACPAAmerican Crop Protection Association
ACPEAmerican Council on Pharmaceutical Education
ACROAssociation of Clinical Research Organizations
ACRVArmored command and reconnaisance vehicle
ACSAmerican Cancer Society
ACSAmerican Chemical Society
ACTAdvance corporation tax
ACTHAdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone
ACVArmored cannon vehicle
ACVTArmored combat vehicle technology program
ADAAdenosine deaminase
ADAAmericans for Democratic Action
ADAAmerican Dental Association
ADAAmerican Dietetic Association
ADAAmericans with Disabilities Act
ADAN-[2-acetamido]-2-iminodiacetic acid (buffer)
ADAAmerican Dairy Association
ADAMArea denial artillery munition
ADAMS Air defense advanced mobile system
ADATS Air defense anti-tank system
ADDAttention deficit disorder
ADEAArmy development and employment agency
ADFAutomatic direction finding
ADGAverage Daily Gain (weight)
ADHAntiDiuretic Hormone
ADHAlcohol DeHydrogenase
ADHDAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADIAcceptable Daily Intake
ADIAustralian Defense Industries
ADLActivity (activities) of daily living
ADMArcher Daniels Midland (company)
ADNAmmonium Dinitramide (explosive, rocket oxidizer)
ADNRReglement pour le transport de matieres dangereuses sur le Rhin
ADPAdenosine Diphosphate
ADRAmerican Depositary Receipt (for ownership of non-US corporate stock)
ADRAdverse Drug Reaction
ADRAdverse Drug Report
ADREuropean agreement concerning carriage of dangerous goods by road
ADRAccord europeen relatif au transport international des marchandises
ADROITAdverse Drug Reaction On-line Information Tracking (UK)
ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AEAdverse Effect
AECAtomic Energy Commission
AERSAdverse Events Reporting System(US FDA)
AESAtomic Emission Spectrometry
AESAuger Electron Spectrometry
AEVArmored engineer vehicle
AEXAnion exchange
AfAAbschreibung Fuer Abnutzung(depreciation)
AFAFP Amnionic Fluid Alpha-FetoProtein
AFAPArtillery-fired atomic projectile
AFARV Armored forward area rearm vehicle
AFASAdvanced Field Artillery System
AFBAir Force Base
AFBAcid-Fast Bacilli
AFDAutomatic feeding device (artillery)
AFIPArmed Forces Institute of Pathology (US)
AFMAtomic Force Microscopy (Microscope)
AFPEAmerican Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education
AFSAmerican Field Service
AFSAmperes full-scale
AFSVArmored fire support vehicle
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle (i. e., a tank)
AGAAmerican Gas Association
AGLAbove ground level
AGLSAutomatic gun laying system (British)
AHTAntiHyaluronidase Titer
AIAAmerican Institute of Architects
AIAAAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (IAS + ARS)
AICAmerican Institute of Chemists
AIChE American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AIDSAcquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome
AIFSAdvanced indirect fire system
AIFVArmored infantry fighting vehicle
AIHA American Industrial Hygiene Association
AINSAnti-inflammatoire non-st‚ro‹den
AIPOAfrican Intellectual Property Organization
AIPSAdvanced integrated propulsion system
AISC American Institute of Steel Construction
AISIAmerican Iron and Steel Institute
AITAutoIgnition Temperature
AIXIBM version of Unix for personal computers
AKAvtomat Kalashnikov (Soviet 'assault rifle')
AKWAllradbetriebenes Kraftfahrzeug(?)
ALAbteilungsleiter; Division Manager
ALAAminoLevulinic Acid
ALAAVS Advanced light armored amphibious vehicle system
ALABC Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium
ALATALanine AminoTransferase
ALFAmerican Liver Foundation
ALFAnimal Liberation Front
ALLAirborne Laser Laboratory (US)
ALPAlkaline Phosphatase
ALSAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
ALTALanine aminoTransferase
AMAmplitude Modulation
AMBefore Noon
AMAAmerican Medical Association
AMCAAir Movement and Control Association, Inc.
AMDSAntimissile discarding sabot
AMFAmphibische Mehrzweckfahrzeug
AMGArzneimittelgesetz / Medicinal Products Act
AMLAutomitrailleuse legere
AMPAdenosine MonoPhosphate (= adenylic acid)
AMPSO 3-[(1,1-dimethyl-2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-2-hydroxypropanesulfonic acid
AMRAutomitrailleuse de Reconnaissance
AMSAerospace Material Specifications (SAE)
AMSAmerican Medical Systems, Inc.
AMUAdvanced (or Army) Marksmanship Unit
AMVAvian myeloblastosis virus
AMXAtelier de Construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux
ANAmmonium Nitrate
ANAAntiNuclear Antibody
ANDAAbbreviated New Drug Application
ANFOAmmonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil (explosive)
ANOVA Analysis of Variance
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
ANWRArctic National Wildlife Reserve (Alaska)
AOActive Oxygen content of peroxides
AOACAssociation of Official Analytical Chemists
AOCAssimilable Organic Carbon
AOCSAmerican Oil Chemists Society
AOIArab Organization for Industrialization
AOMAnticorps d'origine maternelle
AOQLAverage outgoing quality limit
AOTFAcousto-Optic Tunable Filter
AOXAdsorbable organic halogen
APAmmonium Perchlorate(rocket oxidizer)
APAPAcetaminophen (AcetylParaAminoPhenol)
APCArmored Personnel Carrier
APCAmerican Plastics Council
APCAspirin, Phenacetin, Caffeine(tablets)
APCBC Armor-piercing capped ballistic capped (antitank projectile)
APCDAir Pollution Control District
APCNR Armor-piercing composite non-rigid (antitank projectile)
APDAvalanche photodiode
APDSArmor-Piercing Discarding Sabot (antitank projectile)
APEAmphibische Pionier-Erkuindungsfahrzeug
APECAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APFSDSArmor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot (antitank projectile)
APGAberdeen Proving Grounds (US)
APHAminoglycoside phosphotransferase
APHAAmerican Public Health Association
APhAAmerican Pharmaceutical Association
APHISAnimal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA)
APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (part of USDA)
APIAtmospheric pressure ionization
APIActive Pharmaceutical Ingredient(s)
APITArmor Piercing Incendiary Tracer (bullet)
APMAdvanced Power Management (computers)
APPBeta-amyloid precursor protein(Alzheimer's disease)
APTTActivated Partial Thromboplastin Time
ARAnalytical Reagent
ARArmy Regulations
ArbSchGArbeitsschutzgesetz; Occupational Protection Law
ArbSichArbeitssicherheit; Occupational Safety
ARCAccelerating Rate Calorimetry
ARDAIDS-related diarrhea
ARDECArmament Research, Development & Engineering Center (US Army)
ARDSAcute respiratory distress syndrome
ARIBAeronautical Research Institute at Braunschweig
ARMSCORArmament Manufacturing Corporation (South Africa)
ARPAntiradiation (radar) projectile
ARP Address Resolution Protocol(Internet)
ARPAAdvanced Research Projects Agency(DOD)
ARSAmerican Rocket Society (later AIAA)
ARSAcute radiation syndrome
ASAAcrylate-styrene-acrylonitrile (polymer)
ASAAspirin (AcetylSalicylic Acid)
ASAPAs Soon As Possible
ASATASpartate Transaminase
ASBAccounting Standards Board (UK)
ASBCAmerican Society of Biological Chemists
ASCAccelerated Site Characterization (for soil contamination)
ASCOAmerican Society of Clinical Oncology
ASEAutomated solvent extraction
ASEANAssociation of South-East Asian Nationa
ASHPAmerican Society of Hospital Pharmacists
ASHRAEAmerican Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
ASICApplication-specific integrated circuit
ASiGArbeitssicherheitsgesetz; Occupational Safety Law
ASLAbstand zur Siedebergangsleistung (safety margin)
ASMAmerican Society for Microbiology
ASMEAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASOTAnti-Streptolysin O Titer
AspAspartic acid
ASQAmerican Society for Quality (formerly ASQC)
ASQCAmerican Society for Quality Control
ASSEAmerican Society of Safety Engineers
ASTASpartate Transaminase
ASTAAmerican Spice Trade Association
ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
AT&TAmerican Telephone & Telegraph Company
ATACS Army tactical communications system (US)
ATCCAmerican Type Culture Collection(microbiology)
ATLAS Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science
ATMAutomatic Teller Machine
ATPAdvanced Technology Program
ATPAdenosine Triphosphate
ATRAttenuated Total Reflectance
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
AUAbsorbance unit(s)
AUAstronomic unit(s)
AUCArea under the (plasma time) curve
AUFSAbsorbance Units Full Scale (spectrophotometer sensitivity)
AWACS Airborne warning and control system (US)
AWGAmerican Wire Gauge
AWSAmerican Welding Society
AXAFAdvanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility
AZTZidovudine (anti-retroviral agent)

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