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Technical Glossaries




Guns and Ammo


Optical Microscopy


Glossary of Abbreviations

Select a letter below.
(# shows words starting with a digit or symbol.)

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C Collongite : French WWI term for phosgene
CCysteine (amino acid)
C Cytosine(nucleic acid component)
CCeiling Value (chemical exposure) (never to be exceeded)
C&ENChemical and Engineering News (ACS, weekly)
C&S Culture and Sensitivity (clinical microbiology)
C3'Plastic' explosive based on RDX
C3PAComplement Component C3 Proactivator
C4'Plastic' explosive based on RDX; improvement over C3
CACarbohydrate Antigen
CAChar d'assaut (early World War I term for a tank)
CACancer Antigen
CAA Clean Air Act (US)
CAAT'CAAT box': a sequence ca. 75 base-pairs from eukaryotic transcription
CABGCoronary artery bypass graft
CABOCouncil of American Building Officials
CAD Computer-Assisted Design
CADCoronary artery disease
CAE Computer-Assisted Engineering
Cal Cyclohexylalanine
CAL Canadian Arsenals Limited
CAMCell adhesion molecule
CANMETCanada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology
CANZComposites Association of New Zealand
CAP College of American Pathologists
CAPCellulose Acetate Phthalate
CAPACorrective and Preventive Action
CAPEX Capital expenditure
CAPS3-[cyclohexylamino]-1-propanesulfonic acid(buffer)
CAPSO 3-[cyclohexylamino]-2-hydroxy-1-propanesulfonic acid (buffer)
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service (American Chemical Society)
CASEComputer-Assisted Software Engineering
CASFM Comite' de l'Antibiogramme de la SFM
CASICompact Airborne Spectrography Imager
CASRN Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
CAT Computerized Axial Tomography
CATChloramphenicol transferase (designation of gene)
CAT Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase
CATTComputerized Axial Transverse Tomography
CB(US) Citizens' Band (radio)
CBC Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos
CBC Complete Blood Count
CBCPCenter Beam Candle Power
CBEChange Being Effected
CBERCenter for Biologics Evaluation and Research (US FDA)
CBG Centromeric Banding technique
CBMCConfigurational-bias Monte Carl (simulation)
CBOTChicago Board of Trade
CBR Chemical, Biological, Radiological (weapons)
CBS Columbia Broadcasting System (network) (usually CBS)
CBZ Benzyloxycarbonyl(carbobenzoxy)
CCC Command, Control and Communication (military)
CCC Civilian Conservation Corps (US, 1930s)
CCCCopyright Clearance Center (Geology)
CCDCarbonate compensation depth (Geology)
CCD Charge-Coupled Device
CCI Cascade Cartridge, Inc.
CCID50Cell culture infectious dose 50%
CCITT Comite' Consultatif International Telephonique
CCSCroscarmellose Sodium Hydroxide solution...line
CCTVClosed-circuit TV
CCW Counterclockwise
CD-ROM XA CD-ROM Extended Architecture
CDCapacitor Discharge
CD-ICompact Disk-Interactive
CDCertificate of Deposit
CDCircular dichroism
CDCompact Disk
CDA Copper Development Association
CDC Communicable Disease Center / Center for Disease Control and Prevention
CDERCenter for Drug Evaluation and Research (US FDA)
CDFCommon Data File Format
cDNAComplementary DNA (made by copying mRNA with reverse transcriptase
CDPCytidine diphosphate
CDRHCenter for Devices and Radiological Health(US FDA)
CDSMCommittee on Dental and Surgical Materials (UK)
CECapillary Electrophoresis
CECoating Efficiency
CECE mark: manufacturer self-certifies adherence to EU standards
CEA CarcinoEmbryonic Antigen
CECCapillary electrochromatography
CEFICConseil Européen des Fédérations de l'Industrie Chimique
CEFICEuropean Chemical Industry Council (usual English version)
CEMContinuous Emission Monitoring (air pollution)
CENEuropean Commission for Standardization
CENELECEuropean Commission for Electrotechnical Standardization
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CERCLAComprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liabilities Act
CESSE Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives
CESTCenter for Environmental Science and Technology (Univ. Missouri)
CEXCation exchange
CFCystic Fibrosis
CFComplement Fixation
CFAECeftiofur free acid equivalent
CFC 13B1Bromotrifluoromethane
CFC 123 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane
CFC 225ca 1,1-dichloro-2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropane
CFC 21Dichlorofluoromethane
CFC 124 1-chloro-1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethane
CFC 12B2Dibromodifluoromethane
CFC 113a1,1,1-trichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane
CFC 12Dichlorodifluoromethane
CFC 1-phenyl-2-propynyl carbamate
CFC 31B1 Bromofluoromethane
CFC 114a1,1-dichloro-1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethane
CFC 11Trichlorofluoromethane
CFC 115 Chloropentafluoroethane
CFC 12B1Bromochlorodifluoromethane
CFC 1112a 1,1-dichloro-2,2-difluoroethylene
CFC 22Chlorodifluoromethane
CFC 11411,1-difluoroethylene; (vinylidene difluoride)
CFC 1114Tetrafluoroethylene
CFC 124a1-chloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane
CFC 143a1,1,1-trifluoroethane
CFC 23Fluoroform(trifluoromethane)
CFC 142b1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane
CFC 11221-chloro-2,2-difluoroethylene
CFC 1113Chlorotrifluoroethylene
CFC 125 Pentafluoroethane
CFC 41Methyl fluoride; fluoromethane
CFC 152a1,1-difluoroethane
CFC 114B2 1,2-dibromo-1,1,2,2,-tetrafluoroethane
CFC 31Chlorofluoromethane
CFC 13Chlorotrifluoromethane
CFC 1130a 1,1-dichloroethylene; (vinylidene dichloride)
CFC 32Difluoromethane; methylene fluoride
CFC 113 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane
CFC 112 1,2-difluoro-1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
CFC C318Octafluorocyclobutane
CFC 22B1Bromodifluoromethane
CFC 134a1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane
CFC ChloroFluoroCarbon ('Freon', 'Genetron')
CFC 14Tetrafluoromethane
CFC 114 1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane
CFC 141b1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane
CFC 116 Hexafluoroethane
CFM Cubic Feet per Minute
CFO Chief Financial Officer
CFPPCold Filter Plugging Point (lubricating oil specification)
CFPSCash flow per share
CFR Code of Federal Regulations (US)
CFS Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
CFU Colony-Forming Unit(s)(Microbiology)
CGPhosgene (chem. warfare symbol)
CGACompressed Gas Association
CGICommon Gateway Interface(Internet/Web)
CGMPCurrent Good Manufacturing Practice (pharmaceuticals; US FDA)
CGP Competitive Grants Program
CGSBCanadian General Standards Board
CHEMTREC Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (US)
CHES2-(N-cyclohexylamino)ethanesulfonic acid(buffer)
CHFCongestive heart failure
CHOChemical Hygiene Officer
CHOChinese Hamster Ovary
CHOPChinese Hamster Ovary Protein
CIColour Index
CIChemical ionization (mass spectrometer)
CICast Iron
CIAChemical Industries Association(UK)
CIAP(US) Climatic Impact Assessment Program
CID Criminal Investigation Division (or Department)
CID Charge Injection Device
CIE Capillary Ion Electrophoresis
CILAS Compagnie Industrielle des Lasers
CIN Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIOChief Information Officer
CIOMSCouncil for International Organisations of Medical Science (UK)
CIPCalf intestinal alkaline phosphatase
CIPClean in place
CIPAC Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council
CIPWCross, Iddings, Pirsson and Washington (rock classification)
CIS Chartered Industries of Singapore
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CIT Critical Ignition Temperature (not same as flash point)
CKCreatine Kinase
CL-20 Hexanitrohexaazoisowurtzitane (explosive)
CLEOConference on Lasers and Electro-Optics
CLEOChief Law-Enforcement Officer
CLGPCannon-launched guided projectile
CLIAClinical Laboratories Improvement Act
CLIAC Clinical Laboratory Improvement Advisory Committee
CLMAClinical Laboratory Management Association
CMComplete minimal (medium)
CMCollongite M: French WWI term: phosgene and arsenic trichloride
CMAChemical Manufacturers Association
CMB Concentration minimale bact‚ricide
CMC Chemistry, manufacturing and controls
CMC Critical Micelle Concentration (of surface-active agents)
CMC Carboxymethylcellulose
CMEDCompendial Monograph Evaluation and Development
CMI Concentration minimale inhibitrice (= MIC)
CMM Coordinate Measuring Machine
CMO Chief Medical Officer (UK)
CMOSComplementary Metal Oxide Silicon (solid-state device)
CMOSComplementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMPCytidine monophosphate
CMPChemical-Mechanical Planarization (semiconductor manufacturing)
CMV CytoMegaloVirus
CNUS term for chemical agent: chloroacetophenone (tear gas)
CNAMCaisse National de l'Assurance Maladie
CNC Computerized Numerical Control
CNEVA-LPB Centre National d'Etudes V‚t‚rinaires et Alimentaires Lab. - de Path.
CNLCityNightLineEuropean international night train
CNN Cable News Network
CNRSCentre National de la Recherche Scientifique
CNS Central Nervous System
CNS US term for chemical agent: chloroacetophenone solution (in acetone)
COCollongite Opacite: French WWI term: phosgene and tin tetrachloride
COChemical symbol for carbon monoxide (not an abbreviation)
COBChip On Board(printed circuit board production method)
COC Cleveland Open Cup (flash point)
COD Chemical Oxygen Demand
COD Collect on Delivery
CODAComponent Detection Algorithm
COGSCost of goods sold
COI Critical Oxygen Index
COMA Cyclic olefin maleic anhydride
COMINTCommunications intelligence
COMISCenter-wide Oracle-based Management Information System (FDA)
CONUS Continental United States
COPDChronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COREComponent-resolved(spectrum analysis)
COSTARCorrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (for Hubble
COSTARTCoding symbols for a thesaurus of adverse reaction terms(pharm.)
COTSCommercial off-the-shelf
CP/MControl Program for Microcomputers (precursor of DOS)
CPChemically Pure
CPCommand Post(military)
CPA4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid
CPACertified Public Accountant
CPC-acidCyclopropanecarboxylic acid
CPE Customer Premises (phone) Equipment
CPI Consumer Price Index
CPK Creatine (Phospho)Kinase
cpmCounts per minute
CPM Critical Path Method
CPMPCommittee for Proprietary Medical Products (UK)
CPPACorrugated Polyethylene Pipe Association
CPPOBis(2-carboxypentyloxy-3,5,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate
CPRCardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPSCConsumer Product Safety Commission
CRCarriage Return
CRADACooperative research and development agreement
CRADA Cooperative Research And Development Agreement
CRELChemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory (Washington Univ., St. Louis
CREOL Center for Research in Electro-Optics and Lasers (U. of Central Florida)
CRFCase Report Form (US FDA)
CRFCase Report Form (in clinical trials)
CRI Color Rendering Index (lamps)
CRLAS Cavity Ringdown Laser Spectroscopy
CRMCommittee on the Review of Medicines (UK)
CRO Contract Research Organization
CRP C-Reactive Protein
CRS Controlled Release Society
CRTCase Report Tabulation (US FDA)
Cry9CInsecticidal protein in StarLink corn
CSColorimetric solution (in pharmacopeial procedure)
CSUS military symbol for Ortho-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (lacrimator)
CSACamphorsulfonic acid
CSA Confederate States of America
CSA Canadian Standards Association
CSBChemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (US)
CSDCommittee on Safety of Drugs (UK)
CSF Classical swine fever
CSF CerebroSpinal Fluid
CSHIBChemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (US)
CSIChlorosulfonyl isocyanate
CSK Chronic superficial keratitis
CSMCommittee on Safety of Medicines (UK)
CSPChip Scale Packaging (computer chips, etc.)
CST Contraction Stress Test
CTComputerized Tomography
CTA Case Telescoped Ammunition
CTACitraconic anhydride
CTABCetyltrimethylammonium bromide
CTCClinical Trial Certificate (UK)
CTFChlorine trifluoride(ClF3)
CTFACosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association(US)
CTHAChemical Tariff Harmonization Agreement
CTM Chlamydia Transport Media
CTPCytidine triphosphate
CTXClinical Trial Examption (UK)
CUA Common User Access(IBM)
CUNYCity University of New York
CUOSCenter for Ultrafast Optical Sciences (U. of Michigan)
CUP Copper Units of Pressure (in firearms)
CVACerebrovascular accident(stroke)
CVD Chemical Vapor Deposition
CVDCardiovascular disease
CVMPCommittee for Veterinary Medical Products(UK)
CVPcyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisoe
CWChemical Warfare
CWContinuous Wave (radio transmission) (or non-pulsed laser)
CWC Chemical Weapons Convention
CWR Charge to weight ratio (fragmentation shells or grenades)
CWRTCenter for Waste Reduction Technologies (affiliated with AIChE)
CZE Capillary zone electrophoresis

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